When browsing online essay writing service, you might have noticed that most websites offer thesis writing and dissertation writing services as separate options. If the offering of two separate options confuses you, you’ve come to the right place to find out what exactly is the difference between thesis and dissertation.
Various dictionaries define “thesis” as follows:
“A proposition stated or put forward for consideration, especially one to be discussed and proved or to be maintained against objections”- Dictionary.com
“A dissertation embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view especially: one written by a candidate for an academic degree” –Merriam-Webster
“The paper you have to write in order get a master’s degree” – Urban Dictionary
Whereas a “dissertation” is defined as follows:
“A written essay, treatise, or thesis, especially one written by a candidate for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.” – Dictionary.com
“An extended usually written treatment of a subject specifically: one submitted for a doctorate” – Merriam-Webster
One main difference that may be highlighted based on the above definitions is that a thesis is often written for masters, whereas a dissertation is a requirement for the completion of your Ph.D. Hence a thesis grants you a higher degree than a dissertation which serves as a part of the degree.
The two also vary in their purpose; a thesis highlights a new area of research to showcase your knowledge about a subject or field, whereas a dissertation is used to introduce new knowledge and theories in a subject field. The thesis is supposed to prove the knowledge that you have gained throughout your time in the program. On the other hand, a dissertation is supposed to bring new topics and expand the subject with your contribution.
Typically there is also a structural difference between the two, a thesis is much more like a research paper, where a topic is researched and information gathered is analyzed and assessed. Critically analyzing the information gathered, and the method through which research is carried out showcases the individual understands and their ability to analyze the information they have. This is the first step in research. A thesis requires that a hypothesis be set at the beginning of the process, and then data information gathered is analyzed to prove or disprove the hypothesis.
Even a dissertation is based on primarily done research and literature, but it is only utilized as supporting evidence, the main emphasis is on the work you have done on your own. In a dissertation, there is a unique hypothesis that is to be proven or disproven by mostly the author’s work. It is supposed to add to the broader subject, while also being about the narrower topic. A dissertation requires that all claims made be backed by research, all statements should be based on evidence. This evidence should primarily come from one’s own research, and also from other sources.
Another useful piece of writing: How to Manage Your Time in College – The Ultimate Guide
In terms of the word count, a master’s thesis is often more than 100 pages, but a dissertation is longer because of the amount of evidence needed to support the claims made, it could be more than 200 pages. While these were the general overarching differences, the following are more specific differences, however, it is to be borne in mind that different universities may have different requirements and formats for thesis and dissertation:
Definition of Scope
Conducting and executing a thesis requires research and data collection, often through primary means, meaning that the student must conduct surveys and interviews or some other form of study. A dissertation, on the other hand, does not require the execution of primary sources of data collection, it can be done on the data already available to the author, it may well be an analysis of a preexisting literary piece, however the information being propounded within the dissertation must be new, while being thoroughly supported by evidence. Overall, the thesis has a broader scope, the topic may vary in its depth and breadth for a thesis, but a dissertation must be narrower in scope, focusing on the nitty-gritty details of one small thing.
Like mentioned in the previous point there are many differences in how data is collected for a thesis versus how it is collected for a dissertation. Primary sources are mostly used by thesis writers and may be collected through any method including surveys, interviews and even extraction of data from other sources. A thesis, on the other hand, relies on secondary data, work that has already been done. Thus requiring thorough and proper referencing and citations. For a thesis, method of obtaining and collecting information need to be presented to an ethics committee who may decide which methods are appropriate, however, different universities and colleges have different requirements.
Varieties Of Both
While collection and analysis of data are both key pillars for a thesis as well as a dissertation, there are also “non-data” types which do not require data. These kinds of thesis and dissertations require that the paper displays the ability to extend the idea, showcase intellect and the work that the student has put in. For a dissertation, it may just be a detailed examination of the already existing work such as practices and theories.
So in conclusion, the main differences between the two are not entirely the content present within, in many universities the format and style of a thesis and the dissertation is the same. However, in terms of scope both vary because a thesis may have a broader topic but a dissertation must have a more specific topic. Moreover, the thesis requires the collection of original information, whereas for a dissertation it is mostly the author who is to write their own thoughts and support them with opinions.